Cliff, an unlicensed contractor, entered into a verbal contract with Harry Homeowner for $3000, for which Cliff agreed to remodel a bathroom by ripping out tile, redoing plumbing, retiling, and painting. Harry paid Cliff $1500, and Cliff sues to recover the remaining $1500.
Harry claims the work is shoddily done and that he had to hire another contractor to redo the work, paying another $3500 to the new contractor. Harry files a claim seeking the return of his $1500. Harry knew all along that Cliff was unlicensed. Both Harry and Cliff present documents and photographs.
How would you rule on Cliff’s claim?